Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)

Savrva Shiksha Abhiyan has been implemented in our District form 2002-03. After the pre plan activities, the scheme was lunched with full force & in its spirit. Efforts were made to identify the various problems in the field of education and to see the remedy for them in the new scheme of SSA, being a target fixed and time bound, the ultimate aim is to see that all the children, in the age group of 6-14, are in the schools. SSA has given very broad and clear guidelines for achieving this ambitious goal. It was felt from the very beginning that the problems can be best solved through this scheme as it has the full financial support available. SSA caters to the need of all the people living in the different areas, belonging to different social and religious groups SSA lays stress on the education of all categories of children living in different situations and coming from different economic back ground. Attention has been given to the education of special groups, which include education of Girls, SC/ ST/ OBC etc. Special provisions have been made in this component under the scheme. SSA has given full support and wants that all the children with special needs get education and should in no case lag behind from the normal ones. SSA has taken care of accommodation of schools and special funds are provided for the construction of schools and ACR’s. Special funds have been provided for the construction of BRC’s/ CRC’s. Special programme for the education of girl children has been made in this scheme. We hope that the founders of this scheme shall see that District Educational Administration is trying their utmost to implement scheme honestly and sincerely. We are happy to note here that much has been done under this scheme in the district and shall strive till the goals of this scheme are achieved.

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan has the clear aim of universalisation of elementary education, it is mandatory to track the progress of each and every child in the 0-14 age group. Preparation of Village Education Registers on the basis of household survey, regular monitoring through Retention Registers and Pupil Progress Cards, has been  developed in the with the support and co-operation of community members. This calls for a focus on capacity building among the members of Village Education Committees, School Management Committees, Parents’ Teacher Associations, etc. The process and activity based constitution/organisation of such Committees and training of community leaders for better management of schools has been a practice in SSA. Capacity building in the local community acts as a constant interface with the school and the teachers. This is being attempted through a large number of school based activities and training workshops of VEC’s, PTA’s, MTA’s and PRIs in the implementation of SSA. Local level non-governmental organization must also be associated in the planning activities and in the process of constitution of VECs. Mobilization of the community comes about more effectively through a series of school-based activities that opens up the school as a social institution to the community. The objective of all these efforts is to ensure community partnership in the management of the school and the same will be continued. There may be a need to reconstitute such Committees in many places where it had been done routinely in the past. Involvement of the teachers, representatives of women and other weaker sections, active community leaders, parents of children studying in that school, parents of out of school children from poor habitations, has to be ensured in a process based approach. The organization of school based activities and micro-planning are ways of identifying active community leaders willing to give time for the educational reconstruction in a habitation. The planning team has to have a role in the process-based constitution of VECs. Involvement of NGOs will strengthen this community-based approach for organizing the preparatory activities. Stress would be laid on involvement of community members in quality improvement.